July 1, 2016
Continued from last week:
These were orders given to me by Bill Grogan:
“This is a copy of My Dad’s Orders. He was a Coxwain, Drove a Landing
Boat. The Dade was a troop ship” The Yokosuka Dock Area The Yokosuka
Naval Base is located on the western side of Tokyo Bay, approximately
14 miles from the mouth of Tokyo Bay and approximately 28 miles
south of the center of Tokyo. It was capable of accommodating the
whole prewar Japanese fleet. The Naval Base is roughly divided into
four parts, the Oppama, or Yokosuka, Air Station, to the north,
Niagara Ko, used a a submarine anchorage, Yokosuka Ko, the principal
naval docking space and the Yokosuka waterfront section immediately
to the south. Two breakwaters, 1050 and 1356 yards long, extend
east from the Air Station into Tokyo Bay, protecting the entrance
to the Naval Base. Approach to the Base is made from the east, south
of these breakwaters. The railroad station lies about 800 yards
inland to the south west, from the head of Nageura Ko, the submarine
anchorage. A canal, about 700 yards long and 50 years wide connects
Niagara Ko and Yokosuka Ko, which are separated by Azuma-hanto.
Yokosuka ko, with two smaller arms extending south from it forms
the principal basin of the Naval Base, containing six dry-docks,
ranging in length from 358 feet to 1170 feet. South of the dry dock
spaces is located the Yokosuka Naval Headquarters. The waterfront
section contains two fine boat basins, useable for small boats.
Shut of the waterfront section, at the town of Yokosuka itself,
is a narrow gravel beach, with a fine sand bottom, with approach
slope of 1 on 35. The People The major part of the ancestors of
the present Japanese people came to Japan from China, absorbing
the aboriginal race that first existed in the islands. There is
very little accurate history of Japan prior to about 400 A.D., when
travelers from China brought the art of writing to the country.
The Japanese had practically no contact with the outside world for
many years, aside from the time in the 16th and 17th centuries when
t. Francis Xavvier and his missionaries settled in Kyushu, southern
Japan. Commodore Matthew B. Perry visited Japan in 1853 and formally
opened the island to trade and association with the outside world.
From 1853 on the Japanese progressed rapidly until they felt they
were strong enough to challenge the western powers and made their
attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. From the early youth, the Japanese
are trained in the thought that their Emperor is a god and a descendant
of gods. Implicit obedience to the Emperor and his word is ingrained
in them and the training of the average Japanese is not conductive
to much independent thinking. Discipline among the Japanese during
the occupation of their homeland, on the whole, is expected to be
good, but there will undoubtedly be incidents of individual resistance
caused by misguided patriots. The only safe way of dealing with
Japanese with whom contact is made is a policy of strict nonfraternization.
They are not to be abused but neither are they to be forgiven.
(to be continued)