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May 21, 2010

Oroville Mercury Register
December 13, 1950
Marine Receiving Amphibious Training
Pfc. Mervin A. Moak, 20 of Richvale, who enlisted in the Marine Corps last July is training aboard landing craft at Camp Pendleton, Oceanside, Calif. Moak spent Thanksgiving in Richvale, where he made his home with his grandmother, Mrs. Emily Comstock. He is the son of Harris Moak of Chester. Moak attended Richvale elementary school and was graduated from Biggs high school in 1948.

Oroville Mercury Register
April 28, 1944

Japanese Leaflets, Dropped Behind New Guinea Lines, Arrive Here
Pvt. Pigg Sends Propaganda Used By Japanese In Effort To Break Allied Men’s Morale. A new Japanese propaganda technique intended to weaken the morale of Americans who are driving the Nipponese from New Guinea has been revealed here by Pvt. Frank Pigg of Oroville, participating in the New Guinea campaigns. A letter received from Pigg Tuesday by his sister, Mrs. Parks Totman of Bridge Street, contained cartoons Pigg said were dropped on the American lines. Most of the leaflets, some of which Pigg described as too obscene to get by the censor, pictured the American’s wives and sweethearts as unfaithful to them while they were fighting. One throw-away shows photographs of men and women movie stars in love scenes, with intimations that the fighting men’s wives or girl friends aren’t wasting their time while the men are overseas.

Worst Suggestions Made
In the center is a caricature of a shell-shattered soldier, with the caption: “You have been fooled into believing yourself a hero. Pause and think about the men at home- those big sissies who are running around with your women folks- while you, not knowing what you’re fighting for, face ugly death to become another unknown soldier” One of the cartoons pictures President Roosevelt pushing a soldier into a grave above which is a cross marked “The Unknown,” and a third shows the body of a soldier chained to New Guinea, with the words, “Killed in Action,” and “Died that the Jungles of New Guinea might again rest in peace,”

Attack Allied Morale
Coincident with receipt of the pictures here, the Office of War Information in Washington announced that the Japanese propagandists had launched a “thought warfare” offensive against American and Australian troops. The office said the Japanese were using “political and Pornographic cartoons” in an effort to split the Allies and undermine soldier morale. One of the cartoons mentioned by the OWI, which depicts Roosevelt as American’s No. 1 playboy pushing soldiers in front of Japanese cannons, was enclosed in Pigg’s letter. Pigg is the son of Mr. and Mrs. George W. Pigg of B Street.

Oroville Mercury Register
September 5, 1944

In The Fight Nichols Boys Serve In Pacific, France
Serving America on two widely separated war fronts are Seaman 1/c Ernest Hugh Nichols, U.S.N., and Cpl. Billy G. Nichols, U. S. Field Artillery. They are the sons of Mr. and Mrs. J. V. Nichols of Thermalito. Ernest, who was home on leave recently, is now somewhere in the Pacific and serving as member of an armed guard until aboard a ship. He has been over and back four times in the Pacific. He entered the Navy on July 13, 1943, after having been employed previously at various jobs in Oroville for five years. Billy has been in the army for 18 months and overseas since April. He is now with American forces in France and believed to have been in the vanguard of the invasion army.

Stu’s Notes: I’ve written about Pvt. Frank Pigg before (see: our website April 14 2006) when he met Kenneth Richter on New Guinea. My friend Bernie Richter many times told me to get a story from his brother Kenny but when I talked to Kenny about it he just said, “No.” I’m sure he saw some awful things.

Last week I wrote about PFC David L Nichols wounded in Korea this week I find a story of his two brothers fighting in WWII. I grew up with the younger two Nichols boys and never heard their older brothers were heroes. I hope to contact their brother Carl soon for, “the rest of the story.”